How Police Dog Training Works

How Police Dog Training Works

Most police agencies have service dogs that help officers chase after criminals. Police dogs also trace crime scene evidence and can sniff out hidden drugs. Their sensitive sense of smell, large size and agile speed make them ideal companions that can intimidate the criminals that K-9 units encounter. However, full police dog training Topeka KS is expensive and requires patience and dedication. Police departments should carry out training in three phases.

Obedience Training

Police dogs must follow basic commands. They must learn how to sit, stay and go whenever prompted. Obedience training establishes a consistent cadence that encourages the dog to learn things quickly. European police canines are trained in their native language since it’s easier for officers to use familiar commands than for canines to learn a new language. Handlers rely on obedience conditioning so that their dogs behave consistently and accurately.

Simulation Training

Most K-9 units specialize in one skill. However, urban police departments must adopt a more versatile training approach. Setting up an obstacle course that simulates the load and busy city environment tests the canine’s ability to endure stressful situations. Scent training teaches dogs how to differentiate human scent from pollutant scent. In narcotics training, dogs learn to locate hard drugs and detect secret hiding spots used by criminals and gangs.

Maintenance Training

Beyond initial training, K-9 units should continue teaching their canines to sharpen their skills. Officers can detect mistakes made in the early stages and readjust behavioral patterns that are not fully ingrained yet. Maintenance training should be started one month after completing skills training. For dogs, repetition is sometimes the most effective way to learn, improving memory and encouraging dependability.

Police dogs are useful to city departments, as they help detect things officers can easily overlook. Their obedience makes them more intelligent and apt to thrive in city environments, where little oversight is required. Maintenance training encourages dogs to act upon similar behaviors for each scenario, which is how law enforcement is better able to catch criminals in the act.